Click on the Top Blue Hyperlinked blocks to read the assigned readings before rounding.

 INPATIENT MEDICINE ORIENTATION LONGITUDINAL

ACADEMIC BLOCK

 

R-1

 

R-2

 

R-3

 

Block 1      7/7      7/31

LO-1

LO-1 or 2

LO-1 or 2

Block 2      8/    8/28

LO-1

LO-1 or 2

LO-1 or 2

Block 3      9/1      9/25

LO-1

LO-1 or 2

LO-1 or 2

Block 4      9/29   10/23

LO-1

LO-1 or 2

LO-1 or 2

Block 5      11/3    11/27

LO-2

LO-1 or 2

LO-1 or 2

Block 6      12/1    12/25

LO-2

LO-1 or 2

LO-1 or 2

Block 7      12/31   1/22

LO-2

LO-3 or 4

LO-3 or 4

Block 8      1/25      2/28

LO-2

LO-3 or 4

LO-3 or 4

Block 9      3/1       3/28

LO-3

LO-3 or 4

LO-3 or 4

Block 10    3/29    5/02

LO-3

LO-3 or 4

LO-3 or 4

Block 11    5/03     5/30

LO-3

LO-3 or 4

LO-3 or 4

Block 12    5/31      6/30

LO-3

LO-3 or 4

LO-3 or 4

 

(updated 5/15/2021)

 

     ALL TOPIC LIST

 

LO1 

 

1)   Acute Renal Failure: (LO-1) (updated 7/26/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnosis and Management” December 1, 2019 (REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p687.pdf
    b. UpToDate - “Overview of the Management of Acute Kidney Injury” -
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-the-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-acute-renal-failure?source=search_result&search=overview+

        of+the+management+of+acute+kidney+injury&selectedTitle=1%7E150
    c. New England Journal of Medicine - “Continuous Renal-Replacement Therapy for Acute Kidney Injury”, December 27, 2012 -

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMct1206045
        “Timing of Renal-Replacement Therapy in Patients with Acute Kidney Injury and Sepsis”October 11, 2018 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1803213?articleTools=true
        “Contrast Associated Acute Kidney Injury”- May 30, 2019
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1805256?articleTools=true
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
    d. Journal of Hospital Medicine - Choosing Wisely: “Urinary Fractional Excretion Indices in the Evaluation of Acute Kidney Injury” January 2016 -
       
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/jhm.2501

2)   Blood Glucose Management in the Hospital: (LO-1) (updated on 7/26/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Glucose Management in Hospitalized Patients” November 15, 2017 -
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p648.pdf (REQUIRED READING)
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Hypoglycemia and Risk of Death in Critically Ill Patients” September 20, 2012 -
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1204942
    c. Up-To-Date - “Management of diabetes mellitus in hospitalized patients” -
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/management-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-hospitalized-patients?source=search_result&search=hyperglycemia+in+the+hospital&selectedTitle=1~150

3)   Chest Pain and Acute Coronary Syndrome: (LO-1) (updated 7/22/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnostic Evaluation” February 1, 2017 (REQUIRED READING) -
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p170.pdf
        “Acute Coronary Syndrome: Current Treatment” February 15, 2017 (REQUIRED READING) -
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p232.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Chronic Stable Angina” March 24, 2016 -
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1502240
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
        “Acute Myocardial Infarction” May 25, 2017 -
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1606915
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
        “Acute Infection and Myocardial Infarction” January 10, 2019 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1808137
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
    c. “2013 ACCF/AHA guideline for the management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines”-
        https://www.heart.org/idc/groups/heart-public/@wcm/@mwa/documents/downloadable/ucm_458913.pdf
    d. Up-To-Date - “Overview of the acute management of ST elevation myocardial infarction”-

        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-the-acute-management-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction?           

        source=search_result&search=overview+of+the+management+of+st+elevation+myocardial+infarction&selectedTitle=1%7E150

4)   Congestive Heart Failure: (LO-1) (updated 7/26/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Heart Failure Due to Reduced Ejection Fraction: Medical Management” January 1, 2017 - (REQUIRED READING)
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p13.pdf
        “Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction: Diagnosis and Management” November 1, 2017”
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p582.pdf
        “Cardiomyopathy: An Overview” November 15, 2017 -

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p640.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction” November 10, 2016 - (REQUIRED READING)
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1511175
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
    c. Circulation - “2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure” -
        http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/circulationaha/128/16/e240.full.pdf
        “2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA Focused Update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure” August 8, 2017
        https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/epub/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000509

5)   Electrolyte Emergencies: (LO-1) (updated 7/26/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Potassium Disorders: Hypokalemia and Hyperkalemia” September 15, 2015 (REQUIRED READING) -
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p487.pdf
        “Diagnosis and Management of Sodium Disorders: Hyponatremia and Hypernatremia” March 1, 2015 (REQUIRED READING) -
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p299.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “An Integrated View of Potassium Homeostasis” July 2, 2015
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1313341?articleTools=true
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
        “Disorders of Plasma Sodium- Causes, Consequences and Correction” January 1, 2015
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1404489?articleTools=true
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
        “Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in Acutely Ill Patients” October 1, 2015
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1412877
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
        “Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline In Critically Ill Adults” March 1, 2018
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1711584
        “Physiologic Approach to Assessment of Acid-Base Disturbances” October 9, 2014 -
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1003327
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )

6)   Inpatient Medicine Goals and Objectives: (LO-1) (updated 7/22/20)
    a. “FM-Inpatient Medicineexpected competencies” - (see Curriculum Objectives in Med Hub)

7)   Palliative Care: (LO1, 2 and 3) (updated 7/26/20)
    a. Part I- Communication Around End of Life Care and Code Status: (LO1) -
        i. American Family Physician- “End-of-Life-Care: Guidelines for Patient Centered Communication”January 15, 2008 -
            http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p167.pdf
            “Evaluating Medical Decision-Making Capacity in Practice” July 1, 2018 -
            https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p40.pdf
        ii. Up-To-Date – “Advanced care planning and advanced directives”-

            http://www.uptodate.com/contents/advance-care-planning-and-advance-directives?

            source=machineLearning&search=CODE+STATUS&selectedTitle=2%7E150&sectionRank=3&anchor=H23369035#H23369035(REQUIRED READING) -
        iii. Journal of Hospital Medicine -
            “Uninformed Consent: Do Medicine Residents Lack the Proper Framework for Code Status Discussions?” February 2016 -
   
 https://mdedge-files-live.s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/files/s3fs-public/pdfs/journals/jhm2497.pdf


        iv. Fast Facts -
            #16 Moderating an End of Life Conference
            #42 Broaching the Topic of a Palliative Care Consultation with Patients and Families #55 Decision Making Capacity
            #65 Establishing End of Life Goals: The Living Well Interview
            #183 &184 Conflict Resolution Part I & II
            #204 African Americans and End of Life Care
            #227 The Family Meeting: End of Life Goal Setting and Future Planning
            #235 Prognostic Models in Critically Ill Patients

    b. Part II- Symptom Management (LO2)
    c. Part III- Withdrawal of Care and Hospice/GIP Hospice (LO3)

8)   Pharmacology: Management of Hypertensive Urgencies and Emergencies (LO1) (updated 7/26/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Severe Asymptomatic Hypertension: Evaluation and Treatment” April 15, 2017 -
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p492.pdf
    b. Consultant: “Acute Hypertension: Hypertensive Urgency and Hypertensive Emergency” March 2016 - (REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.consultant360.com/articles/acute-hypertension-hypertensive-urgency-and-hypertensive-emergency
    c. New England Journal of Medicine - “Acute Severe Hypertension” November 7, 2019 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1901117?articleTools=true
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
    d. Up-To-Date: “Evaluation and Treatment of Hypertensive Emergencies in Adults”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergencies-in-adults?search=Evaluation%20and%20treatment%20of%20hypertensive%20emergencies%20in%

        20adults&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1
        “Drugs Used for the Treatment of Hypertensive Emergencies in Adults”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/drugs-used-for-the-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergencies?search=Drugs%20used%20for%20the%20treatment%20of%20hypertensive%       

        20emergencies&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1

9)   Sepsis Syndrome: (LO-1) (updated 7/26/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Sepsis: Diagnosis and Management” April 1, 2020 (REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p409.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Time to Treatment and Mortality during Mandated Emergency Care for Sepsis” June 8, 2017
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1703058
        “Early, Goal-Directed Therapy for Septic Shock---A Patient-Level Meta-Analysis” June 8, 2017 -
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1701380
    c. JAMA - “The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (SEPSIS-3)” February 23, 2016 -
  
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2492881


    d. Up-To-Date - “Sepsis syndromes in adults: Epidemiology, definitions, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and prognosis”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/sepsis-syndromes-in-adults-epidemiology-definitions-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-prognosis?

        search=sepsis&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1
        “Evaluation and management of suspected sepsis and septic shock in adults”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-and-management-of-suspected-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-adults?search=sepsis&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=2

10)   Social Services and Case Management: (LO1) (updated 7/26/20)
    a. Payers and their provided services: Medicare, Medicaid, Commercial, Self-Pay
    b. Resources for uninsured or underinsured patients
    c. Post hospitalization levels of care: Rehab, LTAC, SNU, NH, Assisted Living, Home Health
    d. Substance Abuse Resources
    e. Community Resources: Transportation, Meals-on-Wheels, etc


11)   Stroke and TIA (LO2): (updated 7/22/20)
    a. American Family Physician - “Recurrent Ischemic Stroke: Strategies for Prevention” October 1, 2017 -

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p436.pdf
        “Diagnosis of Acute Stroke” April 15, 2015 (REQUIRED READING)
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p528.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Thrombectomy for Stroke at 6-16 Hours With Selection by Perfusion Imaging” February 22, 2018 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1713973
        “Thrombectomy 6-24 Hours After Stroke With a Mismatch Between Deficit and Infarct” January 4, 2018 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1706442
        “Transient Ischemic Attack” May 14, 2020 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1908837
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
        “Acute Ischemic Stroke” July 16, 2020 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1917030
( If link does not work, please copy and paste and open in a different browser )
    c. UpToDate - “Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Stroke” (REQUIRED READING)
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/initial-assessment-and-management-of-acute-stroke?source=search_result&search=acute+stroke&selectedTitle=1~150

12)   LO1 Hospital Medicine Jeopardy: (LO1) (updated 7/26/20)
        Blue and Orange Team RICS will create a Jeopardy game inclusive of key topics discussed throughout the month during LO.

        They must utilize questions from all topic areas previously presented. Answers to jeopardy    

        questions must be found in the resources listed on the LO web site, but are not required to be found in the REQUIRED READING

        (ie you can use the additional enrichment materials posted).

        RICS may “coach” their teams on which resources to review before the contest, but cannot share specific questions/answers or their team.



 

 

 

LO2 (updated 10/27/20)

 

1)  Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding (LO2):(updated 10/24/20)

     a.  American Family Physician - “Evaluation of Occult Gastrointestinal Bleeding” March 15, 2013 -

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p430.pdf

        “Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patient’s with Cirrhosis and Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding” May 1, 2017 -

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p582.pdf

        “Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Adults: Evaluation and Management” March 1, 2020[SA1] - (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p294.pdf  (login to AAFP)

        “Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding” February 15, 2020 - (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p206.pdf  (login to AAFP)

    b.  New England Journal of Medicine - “Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding” March 16, 2017

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1603455

        “Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Due to Peptic Ulcer” June 16, 2016 -

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1514257

        “Transfusion Strategies for Acute Upper GI Bleeding”January 3, 2013

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1211801

        “Prophylaxis against Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Hospitalized Patients” June 28, 2018

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1605507?articleTools=true

        “Timing of Endoscopy for Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding” April 2, 2020 -

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1912484?articleTools=true

    c.  Uptodate - “Approach to upper gastrointestinal bleeding in adults”:

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/approach-to-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-adults

         “Approach to the adult patient with lower gastrointestinal bleeding”

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/approach-to-acute-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-adults

 

2)  Acute Pancreatitis (LO2): (updated 10/24/20)

    a.  American Family Physician - “Acute Pancreatitis”- November 1, 2014;

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p632.pdf

        “Chronic Pancreatitis: Diagnosis and Treatment”- March 15, 2018;

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0315/afp20180315p385.pdf

    b.  New England Journal of Medicine: “Acute Pancreatitis” November 17, 2016

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1505202?articleTools=true 

        “Early vs On-Demand Nasoenteric Tube Feeding in Acute Pancreatitis” -  November 20, 2014;

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1404393

    c.  Up-To-Date - Management of acute pancreatitis”Management of acute pancreatitis” (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/management-of-acute-pancreatitis?search=acute%20pancreatitis&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H20

 

3)  COPD Exacerbation (LO2): (updated 10/24/20)

    a)  American Family Physician - Cochrane for Clinicians “Different Durations of Corticosteroid Therapy for COPD Exacerbations” March 1, 2019

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/p295.pdf

        “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnosis and Management” April 1, 2017

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p433.pdf

        Cochrane- “Role of Mucolytics in the Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis or COPD” July 1, 2020;

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/afp20200701p16.pdf

    b)  New England Journal of Medicine - “The Asthma-COPD Overlap Syndrome” September 24, 2015;

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1411863

        “Triple Inhaled Therapy at Two Glucocorticoid Doses in Moderate-to-Very Severe COPD” July 2, 2020;

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1916046?articleTools=true       

        “Update in Clinical Aspects of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” September 26, 2019;

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1900500?articleTools=true   

    c)  UptoDate - “Management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease” - (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/management-of-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease?search=copd%       

        20exacerbation&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H22

    d)  Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD): 2020 Update-Power Point:

        https://goldcopd.org/gold-teaching-slide-set/

        “Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” - 2020 Report;

        https://goldcopd.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/GOLD-2020-FINAL-ver1.2-03Dec19_WMV.pdf

 

4)  Delirium and Dementia (LO2) (updated 10/24/20)

    a.  American Family Physician - “Delirium in Older Persons: Evaluation and Management” August 1, 2014

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p150.pdf

        “Restraining Devices for Patients in Acute and Long-Term Care Facilities” February 15, 2009 -

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/p254.html?printable=afp   

    b.  New England Journal of Medicine - “Delirium in Hospitalized Older Adults” October 12, 2017 (REQUIRED READING)

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1605501       

        “Sedation and Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit” January 30, 2014

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1208705

        “Advanced Dementia” June 25, 2016

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1412652

        “Joining Forces against Delirium-From Organ-System Care to Whole-Human Care” February 6, 2020 -

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMp1910499?articleTools=true

 

5)  Palliative Care- Part II- Symptom Management: (LO2) (updated 10/24/20)

    a.  American Family Physician - “End-of-Life Care: Managing Common Symptoms” March 15, 2017 (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p356.pdf

    b.  FAST FACTS: Palliative Care Network of Wisconsin: http://www.mypcnow.org/fast-facts

        #1, #8, #10, #15, #27, #37, #53&54, #81, #109, #145, #304, #313, #230, #256

    c.  “Clinical Practice Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care 4th edition: Physical Aspects of Care” (National Consensus Project) 2018 -

        http://nchpc.conferencespot.org/67968-nchpc-1.4266595/t006-1.4266818/f006-1.4266819/a027-1.4266830#tab_0=1

    d.  Up-To-Date - “Pain Control in the Critically Ill Adult Patient”; (REQUIRED READING)

        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/pain-control-in-the-critically-ill-adult-patient?

        search=pain+management+in+hospital&sectionRank=3&anchor=H697575326&source=machineLearning&selectedTitle=1~150#H697575272

 

        Part I: Communication and End of Life Discussion (LO1)

        Part III: Managing the Dying Process (LO3)

 

6)  Pharmacology: Critical Care Pharmacology Pearls

 

7)  Pneumonia-CAP/HAP/VAP: (LO-2) (updated 10/24/20)

    a.  American Family Physician: “Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: Diagnosis and Management” November 1, 2016; (REQUIRED READING)

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p698.pdf

        “Common Questions about Pneumonia in Nursing Home Residents” October 1, 2015 -

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p612.pdf       

        Practice Guideline- “Community Acquired Pneumonia: Updated Recommendations from the ATS and IDSA” July 15, 2020; (REQUIRED READING)

       https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/afp20200715p121.pdf

    b.  Infectious Disease Society of America - “Diagnosis and Treatment of Adults with Community-acquired Pneumonia.

            An Official Clinical Practice Guideline of the American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America” October 2019

            https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1164/rccm.201908-1581ST

    c.  New England Journal of Medicine: “Aspiration Pneumonia” February 14, 2019

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1714562?articleTools=truehttps://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1714562?articleTools=true

    d.  Up-to-Date: “Treatment of hospital acquired and ventilator associated pneumonias in adults”;

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-hospital-acquired-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-adults?

        source=search_result&search=health+care+associated+pneumonia&selectedTitle=1%7E150

 

8)  Pulmonary Emboli and DVT/DVT Prophylaxis: (LO-2) (updated 10/24/20)

    a.  American Family Physician - “Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism: Current Therapy” March 1, 2017 (REQUIRED READING)

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p295.pdf       

        “Ruling Out Pulmonary Embolism in the Primary Care Setting” June 1, 2018

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/p750.pdf

        “Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management” October 1, 2019 (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p426.pdf   

    b.  American College of Physicians -“Evaluation of Patients With Suspected Acute Pulmonary Embolism:

        Best Practice Advice from the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians” November 2015

        https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/full/10.7326/M14-1772

    c.  New England Journal of Medicine - “Pregnancy-Adapted YEARS Algorithm forDiagnosis of Suspected Pulmonary Embolism” March 21, 2019

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1813865?articleTools=true

 

9)  Seizures: (LO2) (updated 10/24/20)

    a.  American Family Physician - “Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures” September 1, 2005;

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p849.pdf      

        “Evaluation of First Nonfebrile Seizures”  April 15, 2012;

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/afp20120815p334.pdf

        “Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation and Prognosis” April 1, 2019

       https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p445.pdf   

    b.  American Academy of Neurology - “Evidence-based guideline: Management of an unprovoked first seizure in adults” April 21, 2015

        https://n.neurology.org/content/84/16/1705.full

    c.  New England Journal of Medicine - “Randomized Trial of Three Anticonvulsant Medications for Status Epilepticus” November 28, 2019;

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1905795?articleTools=true

    d.  Up-To-Date - “Evaluation and management of first seizure in adults”

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-and-management-of-the-first-seizure-in-adults?

        search=seizure&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1

        Evaluation and management of the first seizure in adults “Convulsive status epilepticus in adults: Treatment and Prognosis” (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/convulsive-status-epilepticus-in-adults-treatment-and-prognosis?search=convulsive-status-epilepticus-in-adultsclassification-clinical-features-and-

        diagnosis&source=search_result&selectedTitle=3~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=3

 

10)  Skin and Soft Tissue Infections (LO2): (updated 10/24/20)

    a)  American Family Physician - “Skin and Soft Tissue Infections” September 15, 2015 (REQUIRED READING)

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p474.pdf    

        “Dermatologic Emergencies” October 1, 2010 -

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p773.pdf

        “Diabetic Foot Infections” August 1, 2013 -

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p177.pdf

        “Acute Hand Infections” February 15, 2019

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p228.pdf

    b)  New England Journal of Medicine - “Necrotizing Soft-Tissue Infections” December 7, 2017

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1600673?articleTools=true

    c)  IDSA: “Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections: 2014 Update” June 18, 2014 -

https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/skin-and-soft-tissue-infections/

       

 

11)  Wound Care: (updated 10/24/20)

    a.  American Family Physician: “Common Questions about Pressure Ulcers” November 15, 2015

       http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p888.pdf       

        “Common Questions About Wound Care” January 15, 2015;

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p86.pdf

        “Venous Ulcers: Diagnosis and Treatment” September 1, 2019

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p298.pdf

        “Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management” February 1, 2020 - (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p159.pdf

    b.  New England Journal of Medicine: “Evaluation and Management of Lower-Extremity Ulcers” October 19, 2017;

        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1615243

    c.  Up-To-Date: “Basic Principles of Wound Management”

        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/basic-principles-of-wound-management?source=search_result&search=wound+care&selectedTitle=1~150

 

 

 

LO3 ( Updated 1/22/2021 )

 


1) Acute Asthma (LO3) : (updated 1/9/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Management of Acute Asthma Exacerbations” July 1, 2011;

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p40.pdf
        “Medications for Chronic Asthma” September 15, 2016;
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/afp20160915p454.pdf
        FPIN’s Clinical Inquiries “Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate for Acute Asthma Exacerbations” January 15, 2019;
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p127.pdf
        “More Evidence Against Antibiotics for Acute Asthma Exacerbations” August 1, 2019
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/afp20190801p185.pdf
    b) UpToDate - “Acute exacerbations of asthma in adults: Emergency department and inpatient management”
(REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/acute-exacerbations-of-asthma-in-adults-emergency-department-and-inpatient-management?search=acute%
       

        20asthma&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=2#H304289086
    c) New England Journal of Medicine - “Severe and Difficult-to-Treat Asthma in Adults” September 7, 2017;
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1608969
        “Quadrupling Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose to Abort Asthma Exacerbations” March 8, 2018
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1714257?articleTools=true

2) Acute Gallbladder Disease (LO3) :
(updated 1/16/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Surgical and Non-Surgical Management of Gallstones” May 15, 2014:
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p795.pdf
(REQUIRED READING)
    b) New England Journal of Medicine - “Acute Calculous Cholecystitis” - June 26, 2008
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp0800929
        “ERCP for Gallstone Pancreatitis” January 9, 2014:
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMct1208450
    c) Up-To-Date - “Uncomplicated Gallstone Disease in Adults”;
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/uncomplicated-gallstone-disease-in-adults?search=gallbladder+disease&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150
       
“Acute Cholecystitis: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features and Diagnosis”;
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/acute-cholecystitis-pathogenesis-clinical-features-and-diagnosis?search=gallbladder+disease&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2%7E150
        “Treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis”-
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-acute-calculous-cholecystitis
?

        search=cholecystitis&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=2

3) Alcohol and Drug Withdrawal (LO3) :
(updated 1/16/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Outpatient Management of Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome” - November 1, 2013;
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p589.pdf
    b) New England Journal of Medicine - “Recognition and Management of Withdrawal Delirium (Delirium Tremens)” - November 27, 2014
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1407298
        “Electrolyte Disturbances in Patients with Chronic Alcohol-Use Disorder” - October 5, 2017;
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1704724
        “Buproprion and Naltrexone in Methamphetamine Use Disorder - January 14, 2021
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa2020214?articleTools=true
    c) UpToDate - “Management of Moderate and Severe Alcohol Withdrawal Syndromes” -
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/management-of-moderate-and-severe-alcohol-withdrawal-syndromes?source=search_result&search=alcohol+withdrawal&selectedTitle=1~130   

        (REQUIRED READING)

4) Atrial Fibrillation and other cardiac arrhythmias (LO3) :
(1/16/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Diagnosis and Management of Common Types of Supraventricular Tachycardia” November 1, 2015
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p793.pdf

        “Diagnosis and Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation” September 13, 2016
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p442.pdf
        Cochran for Clinicians: “Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin to Prevent Stroke and Embolic Events in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and CKD” April 1, 2019
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p422.pdf
        Cochrane for Clinicians: “Effectiveness and Safety of Factor Xa Inhibitors in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation” October 1, 2019
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p405.pdf
    b) Journal of the American College of Cardiology - “2019 AHA/ACC/HRS Focused Update of the 2014

        Guideline for the Management of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation” (REQUIRED READING)

        https://www.acc.org/~/media/Non-Clinical/Files-PDFs-Excel-MS-Word-etc/Guidelines/2019/2019-Afib-Guidelines-Made-Simple-Tool.pdf
    c) New England Journal of Medicine - “Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation with Heart Failure” February 1, 2018
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1707855?articleTools=true
        “Antithrombotic Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation with Stable Coronary Disease” September 19, 2019

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1904143?articleTools=true
        “Antithrombotic Therapy after Acute Coronary Syndrome or PCI in Atrial Fibrillation” April 18, 2019
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1817083?articleTools=true
        “Early or Delayed Cardioversion in Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation - April 18, 2019
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1900353?articleTools=true
        “Alcohol Abstinence in Drinkers with Atrial Fibrillation” January 2, 2020
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1817591?articleTools=true
        “Early Rhythm-Control Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation”- October 1, 2020
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa2019422?articleTools=true
        “Cryoablation or Drug Therapy for Initial Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation”- November 16, 2020
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa2029980?articleTools=true

5) Complications of End Stage Liver Disease (LO3) :
(updated 1/17/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with Cirrhosis and Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding” May 1, 2017
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p582.pdf
        “Cirrhosis: Diagnosis and Management” December 15, 2019
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p759.pdf
    b) New England Journal of Medicine - “Rifaximin in the Treatment of Hepatic Encephalopathy” March 25, 2010;
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa0907893
        “Treatment of Patients with Cirrhosis” August 25, 2016
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1504367
        “Hepatic Encephalopathy” October 27, 2016
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1600561
        “Acute on Chronic Liver Failure”- May 28, 2020
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1914900?articleTools=true
    c) UptoDate - “Acute liver failure in adults: Management and prognosis”-
(RECOMMENDED READING)
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/acute-liver-failure-in-adults-management-and-prognosis?search=acute%20liver%

        20failure&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=2


6) Diabetic Emergencies-DKA and HHS (LO3) :
(updated 1/17/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Evaluation and Treatment”- March 1, 2013
(REQUIRED READING)  
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p337.pdf
        “Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State”- December 1, 2017
(REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1201/afp20171201p729.pdf
    b) New England Journal of Medicine - “Electrolyte and Acid Base Disturbances in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus” August 6, 2015
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1503102
    c) Up-to-Date - “Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state in adults: Treatment”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state-in-adults-treatment?search=diabetic%

        20ketoacidosis&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1

7) Diarrhea-and C difficile: (LO3)
(updated 1/17/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Acute Diarrhea in Adults”- February 1, 2014

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p180.pdf
        “Infectious Diarrhea: ISDA Updates Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management” May 15, 2018
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p676.pdf
        “Clostridioides difficile Infection” Update on Management” February 1, 2020-
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p168.pdf
        “Chronic Diarrhea in Adults: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis” April 15, 2020-
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p472.pdf
    b) New England Journal of Medicine - “Acute Infectious Diarrhea in Immunocompetent Adults” April 17 2014
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1301069
        “Clostridium Difficile Infection” April 16, 2015
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1403772
        “Oral Rehydration Solutions for the Treatment of Acute Watery Diarrhea”- December 1, 2017
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1201/afp20171201p700.pdf
        “Trends in U.S. Burden of Clostridioides difficile Infection and Outcomes” April 2, 2020-
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1910215?articleTools=true
    c) UpToDate - “Approach to the adult with acute diarrhea in resource-rich settings”;
(REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/approach-to-the-adult-with-acute-diarrhea-in-resource-rich-settings?search=diarrhea%

        20adult&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H659511455

8) Hypertensive Emergencies: (LO-3)
(updated 1/17/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Severe Asymptomatic Hypertension: Evaluation and Treatment” April 15, 2017

        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p492.pdf
        “Common Questions About the Initial Management of Hypertension” February 1, 2015
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p172.pdf
    b) New England Journal of Medicine -
        “Acute Severe Hypertension” November 7, 2019;
(REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1901117?articleTools=true
    c) Uptodate - “Evaluation and treatment of hypertensive emergencies in adults”-

        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-specific-hypertensive-emergencies?source=see_link
        “Hypertensive emergencies: Malignant hypertension and hypertensive encephalopathy in adults”-
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/hypertensive-emergencies-malignant-hypertension-and-hypertensive-encephalopathy-in-adults?source=related_link#H6
    d) JAMA - “2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults:

        Report from the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8)”- February 5, 2014
     
  http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1791497

9) End of Life Care and Hospice (LO3)
(update 1/17/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “The Hospice Referral” May 1, 2014
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p745.pdf
    b) New England Journal of Medicine - “Palliative Care for the Seriously Ill” August 20, 2015
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1404684
        “Comfort Care for Patients Dying in the Hospital” December 24, 2015
(REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1411746?articleTools=true
    c) “Clinical Practice Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care 4th edition: Care of the Patient Nearing the End of Life” (National Consensus Project) 2018:
        http://nchpc.conferencespot.org/67968-nchpc-1.4266595/t0018-1.4266728/f0018-1.4266729/a072-1.4266741

 

10) Pharmacology-Anticoagulation: (LO3) (updated 2/19/21)
    a) American College of Cardiology (ACC) expert consensus on management of bleeding in patients on oral anticoagulants

        can be found in J Am CollCardiol 2020 Aug 4;76(5):594.

        https://www.jacc.org/doi/pdf/10.1016/j.jacc.2020.04.053
    b) Ortel TL, Neumann I, Ageno W, et al. American Society of Hematology 2020 guidelines for management of venous thromboembolism:

        treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Blood Advances. 2020;4(19):4693-4738.  Available at:

        https://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020001830
    c) CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report “Antithrombotic Therapy for VTE Disease”

        https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2015.11.026
    d) Guidelines for the Acute Treatment of Cerebral Edema in Neurocritical Care Patients:

        A Statement for Healthcare Professionals from the Neurocritical Care Society, endorsed by the Society for Critical Care Medicine and the American Association.        

        https://higherlogicdownload.s3.amazonaws.com/NEUROCRITICALCARE/b8b3b384-bfb9-42af-bb55-   

        45973d5054a4/UploadedImages/Cook2020_Article_GuidelinesForTheAcuteTreatment.pdf
    e) Journal of the American Heart Association - “Direct Oral Anticoagulant Use: A Practical Guide to Common Clinical Challenges” - June 15, 2020
        https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/JAHA.120.017559

    f)  Lyman GH, Carrier M, Ay C, et al. American Society of Hematology 2021 guidelines for management of venous thromboembolism:

         prevention and treatment in patients with cancer. Blood Advances. 2021;5(4):927-974. Available at: 

         https://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020003442



11) UTI and Pyelonephritis (LO3):
(updated 1/17/21)
    a) American Family Physician - “Dysuria: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis in Adults” November 1, 2015;
      
 https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p778.pdf
        “Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults: Rapid Evidence Review”- August 1, 2020
(REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/afp20200801p173.pdf
    b) New England Journal of Medicine -  “Urinary Tract Infections in Older Men” February 11, 2016
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1503950?articleTools=true
        “A Program to Prevent Catheter - Associated Urinary Tract Infection in Acute Care” - June 2, 2016
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1504906?articleTools=true
        “Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults” January 4, 2018
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1702758
    c) Up-to-Date “Urinary tract infection associated with urethral catheters”;

        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/urinary-tract-infection-associated-with-urethral-catheters?source=search_result&search=urinary+tract+infection&selectedTitle=3~150

12) “LO 3 Hospital Medicine Jeopardy” (LO3) (RICS)


 

 

 

LO4    Updated: 5-15-2021


1)  Acute Abdominal Pain (LO4) :
(updated 5/12/21)
     a. American Family Physician - “Diagnostic Imaging in Acute Abdominal Pain in Adults” April 1, 2015
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p452.pdf
        “Common Questions About the Evaluation of Acute Pelvic Pain” January 1, 2016 -
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p41.pdf
     b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Mesenteric Ischemia” March 10, 2016 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1503884?articleTools=true
        “Diverticulitis” October 25, 2018 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1800468?articleTools=true
    c. Up-To-Date - “Evaluation of the Adult with Abdominal Pain in the Emergency Department”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-of-the-adult-with-abdominal-pain-in-the-emergency-department?search=abdominal+pain&source=search_result&selectedTitle=8~15

        (REQUIRED READING)

2)  Acute Meningitis (LO4) :
(updated 4/30/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “Aseptic and Bacterial Meningitis: Evaluation, Treatment and Prevention” September 21, 2017
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p314.pdf
(REQUIRED READING)
        “Cerebral Spinal Fluid Analysis” April 1, 2021
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/afp20210401p422.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Acute Viral Encephalitis” August 8, 2018
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1708714?articleTools=true
    c. Up-To-Date - “Recommendations for empiric antimicrobial therapy for purulent meningitis based on patient age and specific predisposing condition”
(REQUIRED READING)
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/image?imageKey=ID/71968&topicKey=ID/1290&search=meningitis treatment&source=outline_link&selectedTitle=1~150

3)  Acute Poisoning and Drug Toxicity (LO4)
(updated 4/30/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “Primary Care For Person’s Who Inject Drugs” January 15, 2019
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p109.pdf
        “Urine Drug Tests: Ordering and Interpretation” January 1, 2019
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p33.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Toxic Alcohols” January 18, 2018 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1615295?articleTools=true
        “Hazardous Chemical Emergencies and Poisonings” April 25, 2019 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1504690?articleTools=true
    c. Up-to-Date - “Initial Management of the Critically Ill Adult with an Unknown Overdose”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/initial-management-of-the-critically-ill-adult-with-an-unknown-overdose?search=drug+overdose&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150#H7708012   

        (REQUIRED READING)
        “General Approach to Drug Poisoning in Adults”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/general-approach-to-drug-poisoning-in-adults?search=drug+overdose&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150#H11
(REQUIRED READING)
    d. CDC - “Understanding the Epidemic-Opioid Overdose”
        https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/epidemic/index.html

4)  Anemia and Transfusion Medicine(LO4)
(updated 5/13/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “B12 Deficiency and Management” September 15, 2017;
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0915/p384.pdf
        “Anemia in Older Adults” October 1, 2018;
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p437.pdf
        “Hemolytic Anemia: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis” September 15, 2018;
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p354.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Microcytic Anemia” October 2, 2014 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1215361?articleTools=true
        “Iron-Deficiency Anemia” May 7, 2015;
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1401038
        “Aplastic Anemia” October 25, 2018 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1413485?articleTools=true
        “Anemia of Inflammation” September 19, 2019 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1804281?articleTools=true
    c. Choosing Wisely-“Blood Transfusions for Anemia in the Hospital” 2018 -
        https://www.choosingwisely.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Blood-Transfusions-For-Anemia-In-The-Hospital-ASH.pdf
    d. Up-To-Date - “Indications and Hemoglobin Thresholds for Red Blood Cell Transfusion in Adults”;
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/indications-and-hemoglobin-thresholds-for-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-the-adult?search=transfusion&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150#H27123843
        “Approach to the Patient with a Suspected Acute Transfusion Reaction”;
        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/approach-to-the-patient-with-a-suspected-acute-transfusion-reaction?search=transfusion&source=search_result&selectedTitle=5~150
        “Approach to the Adult with Anemia”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/approach-to-the-adult-with-anemia?search=anemia in the hospital&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1
  

        (REQUIRED READING)

5)  Care of the Elderly Hospitalized Patient (LO4)
(updated 5/12/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “Choosing Wisely-Don’t use restraints with an older hospitalized patient”

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/recommendations/viewRecommendation.htm?recommendationId=220
        “Evaluating Medical Decision-Making Capacity in Practice” July 1, 2018 -
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/afp20180701p40.pdf
        “Preoperative Assessment in Older Adults: A Comprehensive Approach” August 15, 2018 -
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p214.pdf
        “Preoperative Evaluation and Frailty Assessment in Older Patients” Dec. 15, 2020 -
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/afp20201215p753.pdf
    b. Up-to-Date - “Prognosis and Outcome Following Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Adults”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/prognosis-and-outcomes-following-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-adults?

        search=codeblue&source=search_result&selectedTitle=4~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=4#H3
        “Hospital Management of Older Adults”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/hospital-management-of-older-adults?search=elderly+hospitalized&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150
(REQUIRED READING)

6)  Consultative Medicine and Preoperative Exam (LO4) :
(updated 5/12/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “Preoperative Testing Before Non-cardiac Surgery: Guidelines and Recommendations” March 15, 2015;
        http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p414.pdf
        “Preoperative Assessment in Older Adults: A Comprehensive Approach” August 15, 2018
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p214.pdf
    b . Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine - “2017 Update in Perioperative Medicine: 6 questions answered” November 2017;
        https://www.ccjm.org/content/ccjom/84/11/863.full.pdf
    c. New England Journal of Medicine - “Cardiac Complications in Patients Undergoing Major Non-cardiac Surgery” December 3. 2015
        http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1502824
    d. UptoDate - “Overview of the principles of medical consultation and perioperative medicine”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-the-principles-of-medical-consultation-and-perioperative-medicine
(REQUIRED READING)
        “Preoperative medical evaluation of the healthy patient”;

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/preoperative-medical-evaluation-of-the-healthy-adult-patient?search=preoperative%

        20evaluation&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=2
        “Evaluation of cardiac risk prior to noncardiac surgery”

        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-of-cardiac-risk-prior-to-noncardiac-surgery?search=preoperative evaluation for cardiac    

        risk&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1 (REQUIRED READING)

7)  Intracranial Hemorrhage(LO4)
(updated 4/30/21)
    a. New England Journal of Medicine - “Subarachnoid Hemorrhage” July 20, 2017

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1605827
        “Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering in Patients with Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage” September 15, 2016
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1603460
    b. Stroke - “Guidelines for the Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage” July 2015

        https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/epub/10.1161/STR.0000000000000069
    c. Up-To-Date - “Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Treatment and Prognosis”
     
  https://www.uptodate.com/contents/spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-treatment-and-prognosis?search=intracranial

        hemorrhage&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H1090503456 (REQUIRED READING)
        “Non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/nonaneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage?search=subarachnoid hemorrhage&source=search_result&selectedTitle=3~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=3
        “Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage-treatment and prognosis”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-treatment-and-prognosis?search=subarachnoid

        hemorrhage&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=2

8)  Pharmacology: Infectious Disease-Antimicrobial Stewardship (LO4)
(updated 5/20/19)
    a. Joint Commission - “New Antimicrobial Stewardship Standard” July 2016;
        https://www.jointcommission.org/-/media/enterprise/tjc/imported-resource-assets/documents/new_antimicrobial_stewardship_standardpdf.pdf?db=web&hash=69307456CCE435B134854392C7FA7D76
    b. RMC “Empiric Antibiotic Guidelines” updated 2018;
        http://midwest.medcity.net/documentation/hospitals/rmc/RMC_Empiric_Guidelines.pdf
    c. IDSA-Infectious Disease Society of America - “Combating Antimicrobial Resistance-Policy Recommendations to Save Lives” May 2011;
        https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3738230/
    d. Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology - “Section 10: Antimicrobial Stewardship and Clostridium difficile Infection:

        A Primer for the Infection Preventionist” pages 73-80, 2013
        https://apic.org/Resource_/EliminationGuideForm/59397fc6-3f90-43d1-9325-e8be75d86888/File/2013CDiffFinal.pdf

9)  Sickle Cell Crisis (LO4)
(updated 5/13/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “Management of Sickle Cell Disease: Recommendations from the 2014 Expert Panel Report (of National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute)” December 15, 2015
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1069.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Sickle Cell Disease” April 20, 2017

        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1510865
    c. Up-To-Date - “Overview of the clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-the-clinical-manifestations-of-sickle-cell-disease?search=sickle cell

        crisis&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H2855835578 (REQUIRED READING)

10)  Syncope (LO4) :
(updated 4/30/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “Syncope: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis” March 1, 2017
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p303.pdf
        “Syncope Evaluation and Treatment Guidelines from ACC, AHA and HRS” April 1, 2018
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p478.pdf
(REQUIRED READING)
        “Canadian Syncope Risk Score: Validated Risk Stratification Tool” March 15, 2021
        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/afp20210315p375.pdf
    b. UpToDate - “Evaluation of Syncope in Adults”;

        http://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-of-syncope-in-adults?source=search_result&search=syncope&selectedTitle=1~150#H50

11)  Thyroid Emergencies(LO4)
(updated 4/30/21)
    a. American Family Physician - “Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment” March 1, 2016

        https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p363.pdf
    b. New England Journal of Medicine - “Myxedema” February 19, 2015 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMicm1403210?articleTools=true
        “Graves’ Disease” October 20, 2016 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMra1510030?articleTools=true
        “Subclinical Hyperthyroidism” June 21, 2018 -
        https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp1709318?articleTools=true
    c. Up-To-Date - “Thyroid Storm”
        https://www.uptodate.com/contents/thyroid-storm?search=thyroid+storm&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150#H7
(REQUIRED READING)
        “Laboratory assessment of thyroid function”
      
 https://www.uptodate.com/contents/laboratory-assessment-of-thyroid-function?search=thyroid function tests&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1

12)  LO4 Inpatient Medicine Jeopardy - (RICS)